Designing an efficient parking lot layout is a delicate balance between maximizing your space and providing your customers with a safe environment in which they can drive, park and walk. And in order to do this, business owners must consider a variety of factors, such as planning, safety and legal requirements.
According to the Virginia Asphalt Association, you should consider the following factors before starting construction on your business' parking lot:
When deciding on your parking lot design, you'll need to consider:
These factors play a crucial role in determining how thick the pavement should be in certain areas.
To design a parking lot layout that provides the maximum number of spaces, the VAA also recommends:
45°, 60°, and 90° are popular angles for parking spaces, but the most commonly used angle is 60°. It allows for wider traffic lane widths without sacrificing ease of entry or exit.
When deciding which angle is best for your parking lot, it's also important to consider the type of business you own. 90° spaces allow you fit more spaces in your lot, which is useful for long-term parking. 45° and 60° angles are better suited for short-term parking, like at fast food restaurants.
Legal requirements, such as accessible parking, should also be taken into consideration when designing a parking lot layout.
You can find the ADA requirements for accessible parking here, but always check with your state as well. ADA requirements can vary by state.
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Virgina Asphalt Association: http://www.vaasphalt.org/parking-lot-design/
Minnesota Asphalt Pavement Association: http://www.asphaltisbest.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/MAPA-Asphalt-Paving-Design-Guide_Chapter4.pdf